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Military Police Division
(Theater Provost Marshal
)
Headquarters, US Army, Europe

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


Theater Provost Marshal

Field Army MP Units

Division MP Units

USMCA PMO's

USACIL-Europe

Army Stockades

Additional PM Activities

Newspaper articles


USAACOM MP Desks
MP DET
SUPPORTED AREA
CTRY
MP DET
SUPPORTED AREA
CTRY
N Baden
GE
59th MP Det
GE
Palatinate
GE
Rheinland Pfalz
GE
S Bavaria
GE
Taunus
GE
N Wuerttemberg
GE
N Bavaria
GE
Franconia
GE
Vogelsberg
GE
39th MP Det
GE
Hessen
GE

 
Theater Provost Marshal

Gate Security: Members of the 554th MP Co working the main gate, Patch Barracks (Bob Kent)

The 554th MP Co also performs tactical missions in support of USEUCOM hqs (Brook Schaub)
1945 - present
(Source: Email from Richard Karlsson, 554th MP Co, 1990-93)
I enjoyed reading the USAREUR webpage and noticed that you did not have a list of USAREUR Provost Marshals.
Here is a list which came from the USAREUR OPM homepage (note that the PM from 1947-48 is the father of the one and only GEN Schwarzkopf):

FORMER USAREUR PROVOST MARSHALS
  1946-1947 BG THEODORE E. WESSELS
  1947-1948 BG H. NORMAN SCHWARZKOPF
  1948-1949 BG GEORGE " PAPPY" WEEMS
  1949-1950 BG JOHN L. McKEE
  1950-1951 COL PAUL L. SINGER
  1951-1952 BG WILLIAM H. MAGLIN
  1953-1955 BG JEREMIAH P. HOLLAND
  1955-1956 BG HOWARD M. HOBBSON
  1957-1962 BG EDWARD F. PENAAT
  1962-1964 BG CARL C. TURNER
  1964-1966 BG HARLEY L. MOORE JR.
  1966-1967 BG KARL GUSTAFSON
  1967-1971 BG HARLEY L. MOORE JR.
  1971-1973 BG WALLACE K. WITTWER
  1973-1975 BG PAUL M. TIMMERBERG
  1975-1976 COL GORDON D. ROWE
  1976-1979 BG THEODORE S. KANAMINE
  1979-1980 BG JOHN D. GRANGER
  1980-1981 BG LEROY N. SUDDATH
  1981-1983 BG EUGENE R. CROMARTIE
  1983-1988 BG CLIFFORD A. DRUIT
  1988-1990 BG THOMAS C. JONES
  1990-1992 BG SALVATORE P. CHIDICHIMO
  1992-1995 COL ROBERT H. TAYLOR
  1995-1999 COL CHARLES L. HAYNES
  1999-2001 COL CHARLES D. LOWMAN
  Feb-Jul 2001 COL LARRY R. JOHNSTON
  2001-2003 COL RANDALL GARVER
  2003-2005 COL BRIAN F. BOCKLAGE
  2005-present COL JACK R. McCLANAHAN, JR.
As a note, there are many of us who served after 1989 in USAREUR, so it would be nice if you considered expanding your pages.

(Source: Email from Phillip A. Lester, Provost Marshal for USMCA Fulda from 1978 to 1981)
Provost Marshal Offices (PMO) and Military Police Commands/Units
In USAREUR and Germany During 1976-1989


Provost Marshal Offices (PMO):
 

USAREUR Provost Marshal
V Corps Provost Marshal
VII Corps Provost Marshal
21st Theater Support Command Provost Marshal
Corps of Engineers (USAREUR District) Provost Marshal
59th Ordnance Brigade Provost Marshal
1st Armored Division Provost Marshal
2nd Armored Division (FWD-BDE) Provost Marshal
3rd Armored Division Provost Marshal
3rd Infantry Division Provost Marshal
4th Infantry Division (FWD-BDE) Provost Marshal
8th Infantry Division Provost Marshal


Brigade/Battalion-Level Military Police Commands/Units:

 

14th MP Group (later Brigade)
18th MP Brigade
2nd Criminal Investigation Command (CID) Region
42nd MP Group (Customs)
95th MP Battalion
165th MP Battalion
385th MP Battalion
709th MP Battalion
793th MP Battalion
1st Armored Division MP Company
2nd Armored Division (FWD-BDE) MP PLT
3rd Armored Division MP Company
3rd Infantry Division MP Company
4th Infantry Division (FWD-BDE) MP PLT
8th Infantry Division MP Company


US Military Community Activity (USMCA) Provost Marshal Offices :
 

USMCA-Ansbach PMO
USMCA-Aschaffenburg PMO
USMCA-Augsburg PMO
USMCA-Bad Kreuznach PMO
USMCA-Bad Toelz PMO
USMCA-Bamberg PMO
USMCA-Baumholder PMO
USMCA-Berlin PMO
USMCA-Boeblingen PMO
USMCA-Bremerhaven PMO
USMCA-Darmstadt PMO
USMCA-Esslingen PMO
USMCA-Frankfurt PMO
USMCA-Fulda PMO
USMCA-Garmisch PMO
USMCA-Garlstedt PMO
USMCA-Giessen PMO
USMCA-Goeppingen PMO
USMCA-Graffenwoehr PMO
USMCA-Hanau PMO
USMCA-Heidelberg PMO
USMCA-Heilbronn PMO
USMCA-Kaiserslautern PMO
USMCA-Karlsruhe PMO
USMCA-Kitzingen PMO
USMCA-Mainz PMO
USMCA-Mannheim PMO
USMCA-Munich PMO
USMCA-Neu Ulm PMO
USMCA-Norddeutschland PMO
USMCA-Nuernberg PMO
USMCA-Pirmasens PMO
USMCA-Rheinberg PMO
USMCA-Sweinfurt PMO
USMCA-Stuttgart PMO
USMCA-Schwaebisch-Gmuend PMO
USMCA-Vilseck PMO
USMCA-Wiesbaden PMO
USMCA-Wildflecken PMO
USMCA-Worms PMO
USMCA-Wuerzburg PMO
USMCA-Zweibruecken PMO


Notes:  
1. During the period of 1965-1976, most if not all, PMOs/MP Units listed above reported under the command and control of the 15 th MP Brigade, with the exception of 2nd CID Region and 42nd MP Group (Customs), as these units reported directly to USAREUR/7 th Army.  

2. During the period of 1976-1989, most of the USMCA Community Provost Marshals (and their MP Stations) reported directly to USMCA Community Commanders, a separate chain of command from other PMOs and MP Commanders/Units listed above.  

3. It should be noted that many separate units and reporting activities in USAREUR and Germany during 1976-1989 did not have Provost Marshals but instead Command Security Officers who performed the same security and law enforcement roles/functions as Provost Marshals.

 
U.S. Military Community Activity - Provost Marshal Offices
Bad Hersfeld Sub-Community, MP Station
(Source: Excerpt from article on the Community Provost Marshals Office at USMCA Fulda, by Phillip A. Lester)

The US Military Community Activity (USMCA) was a unique organizational structure and operated similar to a Garrison, Post, Camp, Station or as the new Installation Management Agency (IMA) concept used in the United States and other locations around the world. During the period between 1975 and 1990, there were approximately forty-two (42) separate military communities (also called MILCOMs) in USAREUR, including Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Great Britain, and Italy.

USMCA-Fulda was home to the Headquarters, 11 th Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR), and it’s Commander also served as the Fulda Military Community Commander. The Headquarters, 11 th ACR and 1st Squadron, 11th ACR were located at Downs Barracks, Fulda. The 2nd Squadron was located in Bad Kissingen (part of USMCA-Schweinfurt) and 3rd Squadron was located in Bad Hersfeld. Unlike other PMO structures in USAREUR and Germany, the Community Provost Marshal was also dual-hatted as Regimental PM and responsible for jurisdictions in other areas where the 11th ACR subordinate units were assigned or stationed. The PMO provided staff oversight of two MP Stations located at Downs Barracks, Fulda and McPheeters Kaserne located in the Bad Hersfeld Sub-Community.

While this article will address primarily Community Provost Marshal and Military Police (PMO/MP) support in the USMCA-Fulda areas, much of it relates to the same TDA organizational structure used by other PMOs in USAREUR and Germany at the time. Each USMCA-PMO and MP Station was structured differently based on the geographical size of the military community and types of commands or tenant units assigned to it. The larger communities were normally assigned more personnel and more senior rank/grade structure in those PMOs and MP Stations. MP missions were similar in all military communities.

The TDA organizational structure and staffing of the USMCA-Fulda PMO and two (2) MP Stations at Fulda and Bad Hersfeld are listed below:

 
Community Provost Marshal (MAJ/CPT) – 1 Officer
Operations Officer (1LT) – 1 Officer
   
 
 
Fulda MP Station
 
Bad Hersfeld MP Station
     
  (1) Station Commander/NCOIC (E-7)  

(1) Station Commander/NCOIC (E-7)

     
  (2) Physical Security NCO (E-6)   (1) Physical Security NCO (E-5)      
  (2) Military Police Investigator (E-5  

(2) Military Police Investigator (E-5)

     
  (4) MP Desk Sergeants (E-5)  

(4) MP Desk Sergeants (E-5)

     
  (1) Vehicle Registration (US Civ)   (1) Vehicle Registration (US Civ)      
  (1) German Translator (LN)   (1) German Translator (LN)      
             
  12 – Authorized Strength   10 – Authorized Strength      

 
(Source: Email from a former member, Bad Hersfeld MP Station)
(Webmaster note: the name of the contributor is withheld)
I served at the Bad Hersfeld MP Station around the time that Phil Lester was the Fulda Milcom Provost Marshal. Phil was the best Provost Marshal Fulda and the Regiment had.

I was assigned to Bad Hersfeld from 9/1973 to 4/1974, Fulda 5/1974 to 5/1980, Fulda again from 5/1982 to 5/1984, Bad Hersfeld 6/1984 to 5/1991 and finally Fulda 6/1991 to 6/1992.

(Among the normal duties of an MP Station in a military sub-community) The Bad Hersfeld MP Station also had some unique missions. We processed the SMLM's into and out of the American Sector at Herleshausen (one of the few official border crossing points). We also inspected trains at the Bebra train station. It was the last stop in the American Sector.

As mentioned above, the Bad Hersfeld MP Station processed the SMLM (Soviet Military Liaison Mission) mission. Every soldier had to carry their SMLM card. I went out to the border personally after Major Nicholson was shot to death (see the online historical manual, "The Nicholson Incident - A Case Study Of US-Soviet Relations," at the USAREUR History Office website) in the East by a Russian guard. The Russians refused to allow his driver to give first aid and held him and the US Military Liaison vehicle at gun point. It was a tense time. I went to the border because I was concerned we might have a foreign press presence - not because I was worried about the professionalism of the MP's. The Russians brought their families with them to Frankfurt and had a pretty good life there. The vehicle we processed that day had a Russian wife in the back seat. She was shaking uncontrollably - clearly in utter fear we would take some kind of reprisal. I asked if I could speak to her and before they responded - I told her not to worry - "We knew the incident was an accident and we have accidents too - though I knew full-well that he was murdered." If the time had come - we were ready to do our duty. But, we didn't need to contribute to the notion that the MP's or any other soldier was so undisciplined that we would try to take revenge. My father had been in a Russian concentration camp for 2 years as a child and 4.5 years as an adult. It was important for me to demonstrate moral superiority. Believe that is what led to their collapse. Total corruption with no moral principles guiding them.

The inspection of trains at Bebra was also a very important mission for the Bad Hersfeld MP Station. Troops drunk on trains would miss Bad Hersfeld and if they didn't get off in Bebra they became border incidents. The Russians would imply that the USAREUR commander had a problem controlling his troops etc., etc. The heat was on the MP Station and the Cav Commander of the border section. MP's and Courtesy Patrols checked the trains to prevent crossings. On one occasion we removed a US Navy Admiral and his family on vacation to Berlin. He was not happy but - he was lucky!

The chain of command for the MP Station had the PM in Fulda as a staff advisor to the Community Commander who was the Senior Tactical Commander (Regimental Commander). The MP Station Commander was rated by the Cdr 3/11 ACR (LTC George K. Crocker 1984-86, LTC Robert D. Hurt 1986-88, Intermediate Rater DCC (Deputy Community Commander LTC Harmon 1983-85, LTC Booth 1985-88) and Senior Rater Regimental Commander (Col Joe Driscoll 1984-86 and Col. Tom White). The Corps Cdr above Col. White was then LTG Colin Powell.

Though I was a MP 95B and not a Cavalry 19D - I continue to view the 11th ACR as my Regiment. I became very fond of the troops and their families. I shared in births, marriages, tragedies, illnesses, deaths, failures and triumphs. I was inspired by the Corps of officers in particular. I didn't realize that the 11th ACR was an elite unit. I mistakenly thought the entire Army had the same standards. I am sure if I had known otherwise or, had landed in a "slacker" unit, I would not have made the military a career. I was inspired by the example and intensity. We even learned about leadership and selfless service from Blackhorse wives. Hard to believe but true!

The above doesn't diminish the sacrifice or dedication of the MP's. I enjoyed LTC Lester's article about the MP mission on the border very much. The CPT Lester was an extremely dedicated MP officer. We were all in a pressure cooker. Our wives raised our children within range of Russian Artillery. The Russains were in range of our homes without leaving their motor pool). That is intense!

I can also tell you the 11th ACR was a proving ground for Army Officer Leadership. I came to understand what "zero defects" meant. It didn't matter who you were, where you got your commission or even if your father was a flag officer! The enemy was over the fence and if he came across - the Russians were gona pay the price! No one doubted the commitment and resolve of the leadership - from the top to the bottom.

I can not underscore enough what a "leadership laboratory" the 11ACR was but, you can the results in today's news. Just a few examples for your info. CPT Jim Hickey was in Bad Hersfeld as a Cav Troop Commander - as a Colonel his actions led to the capture of Saddam. CPT Peter Mansoor an outstanding Arab-American officer who is making Gen Petraeus' plan work now as a Colonel. His wife Jana worked as a secretary for my boss in 1989-1990. Kalev Sepp commanded the 3/11 How Btry, was the S1 and went on to be an SF officer - when the SF was a dead end. His wife Debbie was my MP Station's vehicle Registration clerk 84-86. He is now a foremost authority on counter-insurgency and terrorism - and a professor teaching Naval officers.

Walter I could go on - but you understand. This was an ultra-elite unit, the commanders lead from the front, even their wives were leaders.

I have to tell you about a Squadron Commander's wife. Her husband took command of our lonely border post in 1986 and a few months later she was diagnosed with cancer. Rather than go back to the states for a better treatment regimen she toughed it out along side her husband. The troops (like myself) saw that as the selfless devotion to duty. A lot of great things happened during his command. However, a terrible accident also occurred at Hohenfels. The 58th CEC had an explosion occur during training with a cratering charge. About 20-40 troops were injured & I think about 2-4 were killed. Several soldiers were married and the bad news about casualties leaked out.

The troops were down range and the families needed to be taken care of. The SCO's wife was in the HQ along with the chaplain the rear-D Cdr and met with each wife personally. Both the commander and his wife sincerely cared about the troops they same way they cared about their own family members. They returned to Bad Hersfeld several years later and the very first thing the former SCO asked about was the safety/accident rates. He and his family put the troops and our families first. These are the kind of people soldiers follow and readily entrust their lives too. I know that the success of our Army today rests on the sincere examples today's senior officers had as junior officers then.

Walter, as an enlisted guy it was a privilege to have been associated with such great Americans. If my service as a MP contributed in some small way to the victory in the Cold War - I feel honored to have been able to participate. I have 5 grandchildren and feel fortunate and secure knowing where much of today's Army Leadership was trained. I have to tell you I wouldn't trade the experiences of that time for anything. So much for my rambling.


Bad Hersfeld MP Station
 

1. Sub-post sign

2. Aerial of Bad Hersfeld Sub-Post

3. Sub-post and Post

4. McPheeters Village

5. Post and McPheeters Village

6. Dispensary, NO Club and Rec Cen
 

SMLM
 

1. Processing an SMLM vehicle at Herleshausen

2. Close up

3. West German border station.

4. Aerial view of border station

5.



Train Inspection
 

1. MP, BGS, Courtesy Patrol and Zoll

2. Bebra Bahnhof

3. Destination card of D455 (D-Zug = D Train)

4. Courtesy patrol at Bebra train station

5. MP Patrol

6.
CP checking the compartments
 

 
Military Police Unit History Project
Mr. Robert L. Gunnarsson, a former MP who served with several units in Germany in the 1960s, has initiated a massive project to document the history of Military Police units during the Cold War (with a heavy emphasis on units that served in Europe).

Bob has already completed several chapters:

1. The 558th Military Police Company, (Warning: 1.5 MB) A Unit History.

2. The 285th Military Police Company, A Unit History. (Adobe Acrobat reader required)

3. The Theater Military Police School, A Unit History. (Adobe Acrobat reader required)
 
ATTENTION READERS!!



N O W A V A I L A B L E !!!

The unit history of US Military Police units in USAREUR during the Occupation and Cold War periods has been published and can now be ordered.

I have just received a copy and I am still in the process of reading it --- but I can already state that it is very comprehensive and well researched text - everything is there from "white hats" and "white mice" to "tower rats" and "steel-ribbon rangers."

The book, by Bob Gunnarsson, Sr. - an early contributor to the USArmyGermany.com website, examines the organization and mission of the MPs from the US Constabulary era to the fall of the Wall as well as providing a thorough examination of US peace-keeping programs in Europe during that period. (The primary focus is on police units that were stationed in Germany, Austria, Italy, Trieste, France, Belgium and The Netherlands.)

Bob has put a lot of time and research into the effort - the chapter notes alone encompass 55 pages.

The publisher is McFarland & Company, Inc. (website: www.mcfarlandpub.com) - the book can also be ordered through Amazon.com.

 
Mr. Phillip A. Lester, a former Provost Marshal for USMCA Fulda from 1978 to 1981, has written an interesting article on the role of the USMCA provost marshal offices in Germany.

NOTE: The article is in a Microsoft Word format.

1. USMCA Fulda, Germany, Community Provost Marshal, 1978-1981.
 
Mr. Gerry Rush supplied information and photos to Bob Gunnarsson about the Military Police School at Oberammergau. (Gerry taught at the school from January 1957 until June 1960.) Bob has used these and other materials to create an historical manuscript about this Theater School activity that played a significant role during the occupation and early defense period by providing a supply of trained MP's when they were needed quickly and by training individuals who already understood the special environment of Europe.

NOTE: The article is a Adobe Acrobat (PDF) file. Adobe Acrobat reader required).

1. Theater Military Police School. (Warning: Big File - 1.1 MB)
 
ATTENTION READERS!!

I must remind all readers that the manuscripts provided by the above authors or any other contributors on this web site (www.usarmygermany.com) are protected by copyright which prohibits the reproduction, reuse or resale of all or part of these documents.

 
(Source: STATION LIST, 31 Dec 1965)
AREA PROVOST MARSHAL MP DETs in Germany
(TO&E 19-500D60)

USAACOM
17th MP Det                              Patton Bks, Heidelberg, APO 09102 
20th MP Det                              Vogelweh, Kaiserslautern, APO 09227
21st MP Det                              McGraw Ksn, Munich, APO 09407
31st MP Det                              Robinson Bks, Stuttgart, APO 09154
34th MP Det                              Ludwigs Ksn, Wuerzburg, APO 09801
39th MP Det                              McGraw Ksn, Munich, APO 09184
59th MP Det                              Reese Bks, Augsburg, APO 09178
60th MP Det                              Bad Kreuznach, APO 09252 
61st MP Det                              Gutleut Ksn, Frankfurt, APO 09757
62nd MP Det                             W.O. Darby Ksn, Fürth, APO 09696
67th MP Det                              Pioneer Ksn, Hanau, APO 09165
510th MP Det                            Pendleton Bks, Giessen, APO 09169

 
17th MP Det / APM North Baden
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
During June 1965 with the activation of the 15th Military Police Brigade in Frankfurt, Area Provost Marshal Detachments were formed throughout the 15th MP Brugade area of operation. The 17th Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal Office (APM) North Baden Area was activated and headquartered in Mannheim. The Area Provost Marshal (APM), North Baden Area was also the Commanding Officer, 17th MP Detachment and his area of operation (AO) included MP Stations located in Mannheim, Karlsruhe, Heidelberg and Worms.

Detachment personnel were assigned and located at each of the MP Stations with duties as MP Station Commanders, MP Operations NCOs, MP Desk Sergeants, MP Investigators (MPI), Physical Security NCOs, Administrative Clerks and German interpreters.

The 537th MP Company, headquartered and located at Turley Barracks with MP Detachments in Mannheim, Worms and Mainz, provided MP support to the Area Provost Marshal, North Baden Area. On 30 March 30, 1971, the 537th MP Company was re-designated as Company C, 94th MP Battalion at Turley Barracks
. During March of 1973, Co C, 94th MP Battalion was re-designated as Company A. 95th MP Battalion, Mannheim. 

Each of the MP Stations supported the Law Enforcement Mission of the Area Provost Marshal (APM) North Baden Area, 15th Military Police Brigade and the Provost Marshal,U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) Law Enforcement Mission.

Detachment MP Base Radio Call Signs:
Mannheim MP Station "VOID OUTLAW";
Heidelberg MP Station "DARK LION";
Worms MP Station " WIZARD DEACON";
Karlsruhe MP Station "RACING DRIVE".

 
20th MP Det / APM Palatinate
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
During June 1965, with the activation of the 15th Military Police Brigade, the 20th Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal Office (APM) Palatinate Area, headquartered in Vogelweh - Kaiserslautern on Highway B-40, was activated. The Commander, 20th MP Detachment was also the Area Provost Marshal, Palatinate Area.

The 20th MP Detachment operated MP Stations at Kaiserslautern, Pirmasens, and Zweibrücken. Also, 20th MP Detachment personnel were assigned and located at each of the MP Stations with duties as MP Station Commanders, MP Operations NCOs, MP Desk Sergeants, MP Investigators (MPI), Physical Security NCOs, Administrative Clerks and German interpreters.

The 533rd MP Company, located at Pulaski Barracks with MP Detachments in Zweibrücken and Pirmasens, provided MP support to the Area Provost Marshal, Palatinate Area.
On March 30, 1971, the 533rd MP Company was re-designated as Company B, 94th MP BN at Pulaski Barracks.

Each of the MP Stations supported the Law Enforcement Mission of the 20th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal, Palatinate Area, 15th Military Police Brigade and the Provost Marshal, U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) Law Enforcement Mission.

During September 1977, Company B, 94th MP BN was re-designated as the 230th MP Company, 95th MP BN. During this time, the 20th MP Detachment was deactivated and all personnel were assigned to the Office of the Provost Marshal, 29th Area Support Group, Kaiserslautern, Germany    

Detachment MP Base Radio Call Signs:
Kaiserslautern "SINGLE BRUISER" to all units
Pirmasens "PRIME RIVET" to all units
Zweibruecken "GRAINY MOTH" to all units. 


Pirmasens MP Station, Exerzierplatz, Pirmasens (Gary Prange)
 
1968
(Source: Email from Gary L. Prange)
My father, Richard R. Prange, was the senior NCO at the downtown MP station on the Exerzierplatz in Pirmasens, West Germany from 1968 until his departure in 1972.

Above is a photo of the station.

His assignment in Pirmasens was his favorite of his military career.

A WWII and Vietnam veteran, my father retired from the military in 1973 and passed away in 2003. I hope this helps in some small way.

Thank you for your efforts to reconstruct the service of our military in Europe.

 
21st MP Det / APM South Bavaria
1965 - 19..
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
HISTORY OF THE 21st MILITARY POLICE DETACHMENT
AREA PROVOST MARSHAL (APM) SOUTH BAVARIA AREA
 


In June 1965, with the activation of the 15th Military Police Brigade, Frankfurt, Germany, the 21st Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal was activated and headquartered in Von Steuben Hall, Munich, Germany. Detachment personnel were assigned and located at each of the MP Stations operated by the 21st MP Detachment in Munich, Bad Toelz, Berchtesgaden, Garmisch, Augsburg and Chiemsee as Station Commanders and Military Police Operations Officers, MP Operations NCOs, Physical Security NCO'S and Military Police Investigators (MPI).  

From 1 July 1964 until early 1972, the 793rd MP BN provided MP support to the 21st MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM) South Bavaria Area.  

In early 1972, Co C, 385th MP BN relocated from Karlsruhe and replaced the 793rd MP Battalion personnel.   Company C, 385th MP BN was headquartered in Reese Kaserne, Augsburg, with a  Platoon headquartered in Munich at  Von Steuben Hall, and detachments located at  Bad Toelz, Berchtesgaden, and Garmisch, which provided support to the 21st MP Detachment. 

During 1974 a detachment was established at the American Hotel in Chiemsee.

Detachment MP Base Radio Call Signs:
Munich Radio Net Call Sign "SLIGHT CONTROL".
Bad Toelz 'FURY STEAMER";
Berchtesgaden "REFUGE SNOWCAP";
Augsburg "OAKLAND SIREN";
Garmisch "FOGGY CREST"

 
(Source: Email from William D. Sharon)
I was the NCOIC, 21st MP Detachment, from Feb 1976 to until it deactivated approx Sept 1977. I took over when M/Sgt John Van Bergen retired. Major Mouris was PM and replaced by LTC Thomas Hamiltion. SFC Hamborski was my Operations Sgt and he is now retired in Alexander VA.

I was surprised to see this web site being sent to me as it’s been a long time. If you hear from anyone else I would like to know about them.  
 
Related Links: 
http://unitpages.military.com/unitpages/unit.do?id=772648

 
31st MP Det / APM North Wuerttemberg
1965 - 19..
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
31ST MILITARY POLICE DETACHMENT HEADQUARTERS
AREA PROVOST MARSHAL, NORTH -WURTTEMBURG AREA,
15TH MILITARY POLICE BRIGADE, STUTTGART, GERMANY.


In June 1965, with the activation of the 15th Military Police Brigade, Frankfurt, Germany, the 31st Military Police Detachment Headquarters was activated in Stuttgart, Germany.

The Commander/Area Provost Marshal, 31st Military Police Detachment was headquartered in Stuttgart at Robinson Barracks with an Area of Operation of 10,000 Kms of North -Wurttemburg Area.

The 31st Military Police Detachment Headquarters, operated MP Stations and Detachment located through out the areaof operations at Stuttgart, which included Stuttgart, Heilbronn, Schwäbish Hall, Schwäbish Gmünd, Göppingen, Crailsheim, Karlsruhe and Ulm, Germany. 31st Military Police Detachment personnel were assigned to each of the above locations with duties as Station Commanders and Military Police Operations Officers, MP Operations NCOs, Physical Security NCO's and Military Police Investigators (MPI).

The 385th Military Police Battalion, Wilkens Barracks, Kornwestheim, had personnel assigned to MP Detachments at each of the above locations which provided MP personnel for duty as MP Duty Officer, MP Desk Sgts, Patrol Supervisors, and MP Patrolmen. Patrolmen were assigned patrol areas both on and off the installations and investigated traffic accidents - incidents, patrolled selected areas, including housing areas and conducted assigned security checks within their patrol areas. Responded to complaints, fights, domestic disturbances, riots, and completed reports in support of the of the Law Enforcement Mission of the Area Provost Marshal, North-Wurttemburg Area, 15th Military Police Brigade and Provost Marshal, U.S. Army Europe
Map of 31st MP Det AOR

Here is a (not to great a view) map of the 31st MP Det/APM North Wuerttemberg Map showing the Area of operation which was 10,000 kms in the North Wuerttemberg Area..
 
Cdr, 31st MP Det/APM was headquartered at Robinson Barracks over the Stuttgart MP Station. 31st MP Detachment personnel were assigned to the detachments located at each of the below MP Stations under the Control of the Cdr, 31st MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal, North Wurttemburg Area:
Stuttgart MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Robinson Barracks, Stuttgart.
Patch MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Patch Barracks, Stuttgart - Vaihingen
Heilbronn MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Wharton Barracks, Heilbronn
Schwaebisch Hall MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Schwaebisch Hall
Schwaebisch Gmuend MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Schwaebisch Gmuend
Goeppingen MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Cook Barracks, Goeppingen 
Crailsheim MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at McKee Barracks, Crailsheim
Ulm MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Ulm
Karlsruhe MP Station, 31st MP Detachment located at Smiley Barracks, Karlsruhe

31st MP Det
 

1. Area of Operations

2. SFC Burch during briefing

3. LTC Briggs, APM

4. 31st MP Det, APM opns office

5. BG Wittwer, PM USAREUR, 1972

5. BG Wittwer, PM USAREUR, 1972
 

6. LTC Briggs briefs police on Joint Operation against Bader Meinhof gang

7. Presentation of Certificates
   
 
Members on MP Patrol in the Stuttgart area who were assigned to the 31st MP Detachment or the 385th MP BN over the years will remember the MP Base Station, located at the Stuttgart MP Station, Robinson Barracks, and the call signs used. Here are the MP Radio Call Signs for the 31st MP Detachment Stuttgart and MP Stations operated by the 31st MP Detachment: : 
"KING FISH" TO ALL UNITS or in later years 'CIVIC CRIME" TO ALL UNITS in the Stuttgart Area;
Heilbronn "FATEFUL ESCORT;"
Schwaebisch Hall "SLIPKNOT INDEX;"
Schwaebisch Gmuend "SANDY GUARDIAN;"
Goeppingen " STATE DEADLINE;"
Crailsheim " CRANE BULLET;"
Karlsruhe " RACING DRIVE;" and
Neu Ulm " MUFFLED AUTO"
 
Related Links: 
http://unitpages.military.com/unitpages/unit.do?id=727093

 
34th MP Det / APM Franconia
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
During June 1965, with the activation of the 15th MP Brigade, Area Provost Marshal Detachments were formed throughout the 15th MP Brigade area of operation. The 34th Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal Office (APM) Franconia Area was headquartered at the Rivers Building, Wuerzburg and was activated at this time.  

The Area Provost Marshal, Franconia Area was also the Commanding Officer, 34th MP Detachment and the area of operation (AO) included the operation of MP Stations located at Wuerzburg, Wertheim, Kitzingen, Aschaffenburg, Schweinfurt and Bad Kissingen.  

Detachment personnel were assigned and located at each of the MP Stations with duties as MP Station Commanders, MP Operations NCOs, MP Desk Sergeants, MP Investigators (MPI), Physical Security NCOs, Administrative Clerks and German interpreters.

The 793rd MP BN provided support to the 34th MP Detachment/APM Franconia Area. Each of the MP Stations supported the Law Enforcement Mission of the 34th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal, Franconia Area, 15th Military Police Brigade and the Provost Marshal, U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) Law Enforcement Mission.


Detachment MP Base Radio Call Signs:
Wuerzburg "PAGAN OUTLAW" to all units.
Wertheim "WASP HIGHLAND" to all units.
Kitzingen "KINGPIN MAVERICK" to all units.
Aschaffenburg "DARK STAGER" to all units.
Schweinfurt "SEVEN TREAD" to all units.
Bad Kissingen "JUDGE CLIPPER" to all units.

 
60th MP Det / APM Rheinland Pfalz
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
In June 1965, with the activation of the 15th Military Police Brigade, Frankfurt, Germany, the 60th Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal Office (APM) Rheinland-Pfalz Area was activated and headquartered at Rose Barracks, Bad Kreuznach, Germany. The Area Provost Marshal, Rheinland-Pfalz Area was also the Commanding Officer, 60th MP Detachment and his area of operation (AO) included MP Stations located at Rose Barracks, Bad Kreuznach, Dragooner Kaserne in Mainz and Smith Barracks in Baumholder.

60th MP Detachment personnel were assigned and located at each of the MP Stations as Station Commanders, MP Operations NCOs, MP Desk Sergeants, Traffic Accident Investigation Section (TAPS), MP Investigators (MPI), Physical Security NCO, Administrative Clerk and German interpreters.

The 285th MP Company, headquartered in Bad Krueuznach at Rose Barracks, 3rd Platoon located in Dragooner Kaserne, Mainz and 2nd Platoon located at Smith Barracks, Baumholder, provided MP support to the 60th MP Detachment/ Area Provost Marshal (APM) Rhineland Pfalz Area. The 285th MP Company, headquartered in Rose Barracks, Bad Kreuznach was redesignated as headquarters, Co C, 709th MP Battalion and the 3rd Platoon, 285th MP Company, Dragooner Kaserne, Mainz would be re-designated as Company C, 709th MP Battalion and remain in place to support the 60th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM) Rhineland Pfalz area.

During late June 1965, the 709th MP Battalion was relocated from Funari Barracks to Gutleut Kaserne, Frankfurt. The headquarters, Company C, 709th MP Bn located at Rose Barracks, Bad Kreuznach would be redesignated as a detachment of the 285th MP Company, headquartered in Smith Barracks, Baumholder. The 3rd Platoon, Co C, 709th MP BN, Dragooner Kaserne, Mainz was re-designated as the 3rd Platoon, 537th MP Company, 94th MP Battalion and remained in Mainz to support the Mainz MP Station, 60th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal, Rhineland Pfalz Area, Baumholder.
3rd Platoon, 537th MP Company, 94th MP Battalion was the only Platoon from the 537th MP Co, Mannheim which supported the 60th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM) Rhineland Pfalz Area. (Note: The 537th MP Company was headquartered in Turley Barracks with detachments located in Heidelberg, Karlsruhe and Worms and supported the 17th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM), North Baden Area, Mannheim except for the 3rd Platoon, 537th MP Company in Dragooner Kaserne, Mainz).

At the time of these realignments within the 15th MP Brigade, the Area Provost Marshal, Rhineland Pfalz Area headquarters was relocated from Bad Krueznach to Smith Barracks, Baumholder.

The 60th MP Detachment area of operation (AO) included MP Stations located at Baumholder, Bad Kreuznach and Mainz. During 1974, the 60th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal, Rhineland Pfalz Area, located at Baumholder was reassigned for operational control to the Commander, 709th MP Battalion. Also, during this realignment, Company A, 94th MP Battalion, located in Baumholder was attached to the 709th MP Battalion and remained in Baumholder supporting the 60th MP Detachment. Also, during this time the 60th MP Detachment/APM Rheinland-Pfalz Area became responsible for MP Stations at Baumholder, Mainz, Pruem and Bad Kreuznach.

The 60th MP Detachment Prüm MP Station was relocated from Pruem to Bitburg on 28 July 1975.

During September 1977, the 60th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal, Rhineland Pfalz was deactivated.

MP Patrols on duty in the 60th MP Detachment/APM Rhineland Pfalz Area, Rose Barracks, Bad Kreuznach and Mainz should remember the following Radio Call Signs:
MP Station, Bad Kreuznach "RENO FLAMES" to all units;
MP Station, Dragooner Kaserne, Mainz "STILL DEALER" to all units;
MP Station, Smith Barracks, Baumholder "BARREN HINGE" to all units.

During 1974, Pruem MP Station was assigned to the 60th MP Detachment and the radio call sign was "PILGRIM DAYLIGHT."

60th MP Det
 

1. Mainz MP Desk





 
61st MP Det / APM Taunus
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
The 61st MP Detachment and 67th MP Detachment were both supported by the 709th MP BN.  

The 61st Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM) Taunus Area, in Frankfurt, Germany had detachments at Frankfurt, Darmstadt, Bad Hersfeld and Fulda.

Detachments MP Base Radio Call Signs:  
Frankfurt ”PARTNER UNITS” to all units.
Darmstadt  “DENVER RIOT” to all units.
Bad Hersfeld  “BEDROCK SPIRIT” to all units.
Fulda  “MIDWAY SWAMP” to all units.  

(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
61st MP Det/Area Provost Marshal Taunus Area
The 61st Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal Office (APM) Taunus Area was activated in 1965 and headquartered in Frankfurt am Main Germany, in a building located at the intersection of Hansaallee and Miguelallee (near the Frankfurt MP Station).

The unit had detachments operating MP Stations located in Frankfurt, Darmstadt, Giessen, Butzbach, Bad Herzfeld and Fulda.

Sometime in 1971, the 61st MP Detachment was assigned and assumed control over the Bremerhaven MP Station. Company A, 709th MP BN provided MP support to the Bremerhaven MP Station, under the operational control of the 61st MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM) Taunus Area, Frankfurt, Germany.

(See Company "A," 709th MP Bn Page for article on Frankfurt MP Station, 1976)
 
Related Links: 
http://unitpages.military.com/unitpages/unit.do?id=780293

 
62nd MP Det / APM Northern Bavaria
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
During June 1965, with the activation of the 15th Military Police Brigade, Frankfurt, Germany, the 62nd Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal Office (APM) Northern Bavaria Area was activated and headquartered at William O. Darby Kaserne, Fürth, Germany. The Area Provost Marshal, Northern Bavaria Area was also the Commander, 62nd MP Detachment and his area of operation (AO) included operating MP Stations at Nürnberg, Bamberg, Hohenfels, Wildflecken and Ansbach.

Personnel from the 62nd MP Detachment were assigned and located at each of the MP Stations as Station Commanders, MP Operations NCOs, MP Desk Sergeants, MP Investigators (MPI), Physical Security NCOs, Administrative Clerk and German interpreters.

The 793rd MP Battalion provided support to the Area Provost Marshal (APM), North Bavaria Area. Each of the above MP Stations supported the Law Enforcement Mission of the Area Provost Marshal, Northern Bavaria Area, 15th Military Police Brigade and the Provost Marshal, U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR).

Detachments MP Base Radio Call Signs: 
Nuernberg “DEEP SPRITE” to all units.
Bamberg “BALD LOCKER” to all units.
Hohenfels “COUNTER CRAVER” to all units.
Wildflecken “RUSTIC SHERIFF” to all units.
Ansbach “LOGAN STAGES” to all units.
 
CORRECTION:
The correct call sign for Nuernberg was "Deep Sprite" not "Deep Spirit".  The desk sergeants would have had a fit! (Source: Email from Russ Sheldon)
 
Related Links: 
http://unitpages.military.com/unitpages/unit.do?id=780293

 
67th MP Det / APM Vogelsberg
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
The 61st MP Detachment and 67th MP Detachment were both supported by the 709th MP BN.  

The 67th Military Police Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM) Vogelsberg Area, at Pioneer Kaserne, Hanau, Germany had detachments at Hanau, Giessen, Gelnhausen and Butzbach.
 
Detachment MP Base Radio Call Signs:
Hanau "HOWLING STAMP" to all units.
Giessen "GENTLE LISTING" to all units..
Gelnhausen "VOLLEY TRIBUNE" to all units.
Butzbach "BENGAL FILES" to all units. 
 
Related Links:
http://unitpages.military.com/unitpages/unit.do?id=780306

 
510th MP Det / APM Hessen
(Source: Email from Dick Burch)
The 510th MP Detachment/Area Provost Marshal (APM) Hessen Area was activated on 28 August 1965 and headquartered in Pendleton Barracks, Giessen, Germany with detachments located at Giessen, Bremerhaven, Bad Hersfeld, Bad Nauheim, Kassel and Wildflecken, Germany.

Based on comments from a former Opns Sgt at Kassel, 510th MP Detachment, he and several others at the Kassel MP Station were reassigned from Co B, 709th MP BN to the 510th MP Detachment on 28 August 1965 with duty at the Kassel MP Station. That was when the 510th MP Detachment was activated. 
 
Related Links:

Newspaper articles
(Source: Stars & Stripes, 26 September 1956 - submitted by James Turcotte)
MP Corps Celebrates 15th Anniversary
"Prevention -- Protection -- Preparedness," these three words pinpoint the theme for the 15th anniversary of the Military Police Corps. Today, USAREUR MPs join their counterparts throughout the world in celebrating their birthday.

At Heidelberg, Germany, Brig Gen H. M. Hobson, USAREUR provost marshal, told his military policemen that they must identify their prevention and protection roles both with individual soldiers and military supplies and property.

"At the same time," Hobson said, "we must remember and stress our combat potential and our preparedness for combat operations.

Although the Military Police Corps is a comparative newcomer to the ranks of the Regular Army, the history of military police functions dates from 1629, when Charles I of England wrote his articles of war.

In the US, Gen George Washington named the first provost marshal of the Continental Army in 1776.

Since that time, provost marshal and military police activities have been an integral part of the service. The insignia of "crossed pistols" traces its origin to the flintlocks manufactured in 1806 at the Harper's Ferry Arsenal, W.Va.

On Sept. 26, 1941, the War Department issued formal orders designating the Military Police Corps as a permanent branch of the U.S. Army.

Military Police in Europe are a "combat ready" organization, but their work is perhaps best known through the everyday labors they perform. Their work is divided among "prevention, protection and preparedness" activities. Crime prevention is foremost in an MP's mind. He would far rather see a crime prevented than apprehend an offender. One way the MP helps in crime prevention is by assisting others whenever and however possible.

This is in keeping with the motto of the Military Police Corps -- "Of the Troops and for the Troops."

The provost marshal general of the U.S. Army is Maj Gen William H. Maglin. Maglin graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1951 and has devoted his Army career to service in the corps.

The USAREUR Provost Marshal, Hobson, also has had long and varied service as a military police officer. At one time he was senior military police adviser to the Chinese Army. Later he became provost marshal of the Army Field Forces at Ft. Monroe, Va., and after serving a tour as deputy provost marshal, USAREUR, he was assigned under Maglin as deputy.

The USAREUR Corn Z provost marshal is Col Earl S. Bessmer and the 7th Army provost marshal is Col John K Daly.

Military policemen on duty in Europe have been especially trained for their jobs. After completing basic training, most MPs are sent through the Provost Marshal General's School at Ft. Gordon, Ga. There, the novice MP is taught basic police subjects.

After assignment to Europe, many of these men are enrolled in the USAREUR Intelligence and Military Police School at Oberammergau, Germany. Here, they learn methods and techniques that have been tried and tested in Europe. Refresher training on military aspects is also given.

Although these MPs are charged with law enforcement and crime prevention duties, their secondary mission is that of fighting as infantry. The police duties and the combat mission of the military police in Europe are summed up in this year's anniversary theme of "Prevention -- Protection -- Preparedness."

Military policemen participate in regular field exercises and infantry training to keep prepared for combat operations.

In addition to the individuals performing regular military police duties every day of the year, MPs in Western Germany and Com Z have been grouped into different fields to carry out their respective assignments.

The members of the military police criminal investigation units are especially trained to unearth facts and circumstances surrounding crimes involving military personnel. These men are military policemen who, because of special aptitudes, have undergone intensive training in preparation for their assignment as criminal investigators.

An important aspect of an investigator's duty deals with crime prevention surveys, which are concerned with internal security and crime prevention in specified areas. In each instance, the criminal investigator surveys the installation and makes recommendations aimed at reducing the crime and pilferage rate of the surveyed locality.

Closely allied with the criminal investigation units are the military police crime labs. The 27th MP Crime Laboratory in Frankfurt is an example. Here, provost marshals receive assistance from a well-equipped, modern laboratory designed for the scientific investigation of difficult cases.
 
Other specialized MP activities in Europe can be seen daily in the work of the 62nd MP Co (Highway Patrol). This is the outfit which patrols the thousands of kilometers of autobahn and other major roads in Western Germany. Although primarily designated as an "enforcement and protection" agency, the Highway Patrol has an outstanding record of assistance and service to motorists of all nationalities.

Initially, these men receive basic military police training and are given additional schooling to equip them for highway patrol duties. Throughout their stay in the 62nd, they continue to train in subjects which will assist them in their work.
 
 
An organization primarily interested in security matters is the 570th MP Co (Railway Guard). The men in this unit are charged with the protection of military rail shipments and the supervision of certain military trains. They also guard the U.S. mail on trains operating in Western Europe.

The labors of the MP customs unit in USAREUR are also unique. Posted at international border crossing points and points of entry, the MP Customs Detachment (7751) enforces customs regulations and laws pertaining to the Armed Forces. This detachment renders technical advice to the German customs officials and investigates customs-related incidents among the American military.
 
Military police are charged with operating the USAREUR Military Stockade in Mannheim and the Crailsheim USAREUR Rehabilitation Center. Here, military policemen work as guards, administrative specialists, supervisors and instructors in classes at the center or the stockade.

Two particularly unique MP units are the MP Boat Patrol on the Wannsee, and the MP Horse Platoon -- both in Berlin. The Boat Patrol can be compared to the civilian water police and harbor patrol organizations. During the summer months, the patrol has the duty of watching for boats or swimmers in trouble. The Horse Platoon patrols the wooded areas near the West Berlin border.

Civilian vehicle registration is another function supervised in Western Germany by the USAREUR provost marshal and in the Com Z by the Com Z provost marshal. In Western Germany, the USAREUR Motor Vehicle and Firearms Registration Unit (7878) is charged with registering firearms and vehicles throughout the command.

The lion's share of police duties in Europe is performed by the various separate military police companies and military police battalions with their organic companies. These companies are responsible for most of the town patrolling and related functions. Alternating between garrison and field, members of these units are kept at peak performance.

Military police companies are found in each armored and infantry division in Europe. Aside from law enforcement and crime prevention, the division MP companies are interested in traffic control and prisoner of war work within their divisions.

During the past 11 years, through the interchange of information with West European police, great strides have been made in the law enforcement field. Military police representatives have been invited to attend and take part in conferences held by West European police agencies. The great international police organization commonly called Interpol works closely with representatives of the American military police. Other MPs have been selected to attend police schools and seminars in various foreign countries.

Through this interchange of information, military police in Europe have adopted new and improved methods and equipment shown them by their European counterparts. Foreign police have also benefited through reciprocal information exchange on the part of the US Army provost marshals. Lie detector and radar speed measuring demonstrations are particluarly interesting to European observers.

Worldwide, military policemen endeavor to foster friendship and good will. Sometimes termed "Ambassadors in Brassards," the MPs are always aware of their community relations responsbility. At the same time, MPs keep abreast of the latest crime prevention and law enforcement techniques. These efforts are culminated in their own organization, the Military Police Assn.

MPs like to be thought of as "soldiers first -- military policemen second." Today, when the military effort is directed toward preparedness, the MPs of Western Europe stand ready for any emergency. In the meantime they continue to "pull" their peacetime duties of prevention and protection which are so important to the operation of the Army.
 
 
The 62nd MP Co (Highway Patrol) was organized as a specialized unit to enforce law and order, provide service to persons in need, control traffic, promote traffic safety, safeguard property, investigate traffic accidents and incidents involving US forces personnel, patrol autobahns and other primary roads, and perform such inter-area escort missions as may be directed by USAREUR headquarters on the highways of the American Zone of Germany.

(Map at left is still in DRAFT form - more information will be added later)

 
Related Links:
  Tower Rat - the "Other" Military Police - very intense web site dedicated to the MP units who guarded special weapons ammo depots, etc.  
  Military Police Unit Locator - Dick Burch has created a web page that consolidates all the known MP unit websites into one directory, includes unit pages on usarmygermany.com and Militar.com. Very nice idea!  
  62nd Highway Patrol (MP), Germany - This web site is dedicated to all the men who served with the U.S. Army Highway Patrol Unit in Germany. A nostalgic trip back in time!  
  62nd Highway Patrol (MP) - Photo Albums - A great extension of the original 62nd MP Company website (above). Several photo albums with lots of great and historic images of the 62nd Highway Patrol unit! Larry Linville is the webmaster.