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V Corps Artillery
V Corps

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


V Corps Page 

V Corps Artillery

Target Acq Units

30th FA Gp

36th GA Gp

72nd FA Gp

142nd FA Gp

41st FA Bde

42nd FA Bde



 
V Corps Artillery

V Corps Artillery headquarters sign, Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, early 1950s (Eduard Witzmann)

V Corps Artillery motor pool, Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, early 1950s (Eduard Witzmann)
 
1952
(Source: SEVENTH ARMY STATION LIST 31 December 1952)
ORGANIZATION (Dec 1952):

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHB, V Corps Arty Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
30th FA Bn Ferris Bks, Erlangen  
30th FA Gp    
HHB, 30th FA Gp Artillery Ksn, Neckarsulm  
194th FA Bn Airfield, Wertheim  
393rd FA Bn Artillery Ksn, Neckarsulm  
452nd Armd FA Bn Artillery Ksn, Neckarsulm  
887th FA Bn Dolan Bks, Schwäbisch Hall  
36th FA Gp  
HHB, 36th FA Gp Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.
18th FA Bn Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
517th FA Bn Kruger Ksn, Büdingen  
519th FA Bn Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
593rd FA Bn Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
597th Armd FA Bn Fliegerhorst Ksn, Hanau  
631st Armd FA Bn Camp Clarke, Hammelburg  
142nd FA Gp  
HHB, 142nd FA Gp Peden Bks, Wertheim
465th FA Bn Smith Bks, Baumholder  
594th FA Bn Coleman Bks, Sandhofen  
756th FA Bn Smith Bks, Baumholder  
816th FA Bn Smith Bks, Baumholder  

1954 
(Source: USAREUR STATION LIST, 30 June 1954)
V CORPS ARTY ORGANIZATION - 30 JUNE 1954

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHB, V Corps Arty Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
30th FA Gp    
HHB, 30th FA Gp Hanau  
452nd AFA Bn (155mm)(SP) Hanau ? released from active duty, 17 Jan 1955; (4)
465th FA Bn (8in)(Tow) Hanau ? released from active duty, 6 Jan 1955; (1)
816th FA Bn (8in)(Tow) Hanau ? released from active duty, 6 Jan 1955; (1)
36th FA Gp  
HHB, 36th FA Gp Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.
519th FA Bn (155mm)(Tow) Babenhausen Ksn, Bab prob replaced by Gyroscope unit
593rd FA Bn (8in)(SP) Büdingen inact 25 June 1958
594th FA Bn (155mm)(SP) Giessen (2) inact 25 June 1958
597th AFA Bn (155mm)(SP) Hanau prob replaced by Gyroscope unit
142nd FA Gp  
HHB, 142nd FA Gp Peden Bks, Wertheim
194th FA Bn (155mm)(Trac) Peden Bks, Wertheim released from active duty, 17 Jan 1955; (3)
393rd FA Bn (155mm)(SP) Harvey Bks, Kitzingen released from active duty, 7 Jan 1955; (5)
631st AFA Bn (155mm)(SP) Hammelburg released from active duty, 17 Dec 1954; (6)
756th FA Bn (8in)(SP) Würzburg released from active duty, 17 Dec 1954; (7)
(1) 760th FA Bn and 765th FA Bn may have replaced the 465th and 816th FA Bn in Hanau on 6 Jan 1955
(2) USAREUR Station List, Dec 1955
(3) 194th FA Bn was possibly replaced by the 254th FA Bn (155mm)(Tow)
(4)
452nd AFA Bn probably replaced by 288th AFA Bn
(5) 393rd FA Bn possibly replaced by the 282nd FA Bn
(6) 631st AFA Bn probably replaced by the 290th AFA Bn
(7) 756th FA Bn probably replaced by the 804th FA Bn

1956 
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, April 9, 1956; STATION LIST, 30 Sept 1956)

Headquarters, V Corps Artillery is located at Cambrai-Fritsch Kaserne in Darmstadt. CG of V Corps Arty is Brig Gen John C. Hayden. Hayden assumed command of the organization in Nov 1955. (He replaced Brig Gen Donald Dunford.)

The command's 14 battalions and 4 special batteries are equipped with weapons that range from self-propelled 155mm howitzers to the 85-ton 280mm cannons as well as free-flight rockets and guided missiles. (In addition to the units directly assigned to V Corps Arty, artillery units of the V Corps combat divisions (4th and 10th Inf Div; 2nd Armd Div) are classified as "artillery with the corps.")

Besides various towed and self-propelled artillery weapons that fire conventional charges, V Corps Artillery also fields three systems that can carry a nuclear warhead: the 280mm cannon, the free-flight Honest John rocket and the Corporal guided missile.

To make sure that V Corps artillerymen are ready at any time to fulfill their mission, training is conducted 12-months-a-year. Garrison training is constant at the kasernes where the various subordinate units are located. Then, three times a year, each unit is sent to the gunnery ranges at either Grafenwoehr or Baumholder for field training. Work at the ranges is for three-weeks at a stretch and includes night marches, cross country drives, reconnaissance, selection and occupation of firing positions.

Each unit concludes the yearly training cycle with battery firing tests twice a year and battalion tests once a year. These tests determine the ability of the units to conduct simulated combat operations.

The Battery tests last half a
day in which units are given five missions (targets). They are expected to fire around 60 rounds. The Battalion test lasts 36 hours and includes 16 missions with an expenditure of around 250 rounds. Emphasis is on accurate and timely artillery fire.

 

8" self-propelled howitzer (593rd FA Bn) in a firing position under cover, 1956 (Bill Daniel)
 
V CORPS ARTY ORGANIZATION - APRIL 1956

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHB, V Corps Arty Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
30th FA Gp   CO is COL Bernard S. Waterman (1)
HHB, 30th FA Gp Hanau  
84th FA Btry (762mm Rkt) Hanau  
288th AFA Bn (155mm)(SP) Hanau  
593rd FA Bn (8in How)(SP) Armstrong Ksn, Büdingen  
594th FA Bn (155mm Gun)(SP) Giessen  
765th FA Bn (8in How)(Tow) Hanau  
36th FA Gp   CO is COL William H. Allen, Jr.
HHB, 36th FA Gp Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.
7th FA Btry (762mm Rkt) ELK, Darmstadt  
216th FA Bn (280mm Gun) ELK, Darmstadt  
267th AFA Bn (155mm How)(SP) Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
519th FA Bn (155mm How)(Tow) Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
531st FAM Bn (CPL) Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
553rd FA Bn (8in How)(Tow) ELK, Darmstadt  
72nd FA Gp   CO is COL James R. Winn (2)
HHB, 72nd FA Gp Peden Bks, Wertheim
1st FA Btry (762mm Rkt) Kitzingen  
97th FA Bn (155mm)(Tow) Peden Bks, Wertheim  
290th AFA Bn (155mm)(SP) Daley Bks, B Kissingen  
558th FAM Bn (CPL) Kitzingen  
804th FA Bn (8in How)(SP) Peden Bks, Wertheim  
516th FA Btry (Searchlight) Peden Bks, Wertheim  
532nd FA Obs Bn (8in)(SP) Karlsruhe  
(1) By Aug 1956, COL Gregory L. Higgins had assumed command of the 30th Group
(2) By Aug 1956, COL Thomas R. Bruce, Jr. had assumed command of the 72nd Group


In 1960, V Corps Artillery hosted a NATO Atomic Artillery Demonstration at Finthen Airfield
 

All the nuclear capable systems in the Corps Artillery arsenal were shown to NATO officers
from the 8-inch self-propelled howitzer ...
 

... to the REDSTONE missile system.

NATO Atomic Arty Demo

 

1. US & NATO officers watch demonstration


2. CORPORAL missile demonstration

3. Support equipment


4. Honest John
rocket

5. 280-mm atomic cannon

6. NIKE-AJAX - non-nuclear
 

7. NIKE-HERCULES
     

1966  
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, May 9, 1966)
The first Field Artillery Digital Automatic Computer (FADAC) class was held at the V Corps Artillery computer school at Cambrai-Fritsch Kaserne in Darmstadt last week.

The class is one of seven to be scheduled throughout 7th Army to familiarize V and VII Corps artillery units with the programming of the new FADAC computer, an artillery computer currently being integrated into artillery units. The one-week course covers the theory of programming the general purpose digital computer and using the computer to work complex artillery problems.

Students will learn to feed data into the machine by punching information onto computer tape. The computer - completely transistorized and portable - can solve problems within 25 seconds that might otherwise take a lot longer with the less sophisticated tools used today in the Fire Direction Center of a firing battery,

 
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, May 21, 1966 & April 13, 1967)
V Corps Artillery Survey Course, CFK, Darmstadt
The only regularly scheduled artillery survey school in USAREUR was established in 1962 to keep artillery surveyors abreast of the latest survey equipment and techniques. So far, 450 soldiers have completed the course.

The three-week courses are conducted on a quarterly basis. The course consists of an initial briefing on the organization of the school and the material to be covered; this is followed by a review of algebra, logarithms, the law of sines and trigonometry; then the students study artillery survey theory that includes grid projections, scaling coordinates from a map, grid azimuths and new equipment; this is then followed by four field problems in which the students are required to use the new artillery survey equipment that they have been studying.

At the end of the course, there is a grueling final written examination. The students that pass the exam are given their diplomas.

In March 1967, the V Corps Artillery school initiated an "advanced artillery survey course." This three-week course teaches students determination of field data, traverse, triangulation and astronomics. Most of the study is done through practical exercise or solving stated problems of survey and much of the work is performed in the field.

Included in the training is a simulated battalion field training exercise in which the students have to coordinate the firepower of an entire battalion through several missions.

 

Honest John rocket launcher of 1st Bn, 32nd Arty in Hanau, 1963 (Walt Leon)
 

M-55 8" self-propelled howitzer of 2nd Bn, 83rd Arty in Büdingen, late 1950s (Webmaster)
 
1967  
(Source: USAREUR STATION LIST, June 30, 1967)
V CORPS ARTY ORGANIZATION - 30 JUNE 1967

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHB, V Corps Arty Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
F Btry (Avn), 26th FA Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt probably located at Griesheim AAF
36th FA Gp    
HHB, 36th FA Gp Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
2nd Bn, 5th FA (175mm SP) Babenhausen Ksn , Bab.  
Btry, 1st Bn, 26th FA Bn (Tgt Acq) Ludwig Ksn, Darmstadt  
5th Bn, 77th FA Bn (SGT) Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.  
3rd Bn, 80th FA Bn (SGT) Ludwig Ksn, Darmstadt  
42nd FA Gp    
HHB, 42nd FA Gp Support Cen, Giessen
6th Bn, 9th FA Bn (175mm SP) Rivers Bks, Giessen  
2nd Bn, 18th FA Bn (8in SP) Rothwesten Ksn, Kassel  
3rd Bn, 79th FA Bn (HJ) Rivers Bks, Giessen  
2nd Bn, 92nd FA Bn (8in SP) Rivers Bks, Giessen  
212th FA Gp    
HHB, 212th FA Gp Francois Ksn, Hanau
4th Bn, 18th FA Bn (155 How SP) Francois Ksn, Hanau  
Btry, 1st Bn, 26th FA Bn (Tgt Acq) Peden Bks, Wertheim  
1st Bn, 32nd FA Bn (HJ) Fliegerhorst Ksn, Hanau  
2nd Bn, 75th FA Bn (8in SP) Fliegerhorst Ksn, Hanau  
2nd Bn, 83rd FA Bn (8in SP) Armstrong Ksn, Buedingen  
 

 
1970 
(Source: Email from Joe Holicky)
I was assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, V Corps Artillery in Darmstadt (Cambrai Fritsch Caserne) from 9/1970 to 9/1972.  I was the Battery Executive Officer.  At the time, there were two artillery groups assigned to us, 36th Field Artillery Group (Babenhausen and Hanau) and the 42nd Field Artillery Group (Giessen).  There were two Target Acquisition Batteries (A and B, 1/26th).  We also had a separate Sergeant Missile Battalion 5/77 stationed in Wiesbaden.
 
We had 8" Howitzers (self-propelled), 175mm Guns (self-propelled) and Honest John battalions (one in each of the Artillery Groups).  
 
Hope this helps in starting to piece together the history of V Corps Artillery.  The Corps Artillery's motto was "Steadfast and Strong."  Red border with evergreen tree in the center with the motto on either side of what could be described as a large parenthesis.  Lineage of VCA was the 13th Artillery Group (WW II).

 

A 175-mm gun of 6th Bn, 9th FA during a live fire exercise at Grafenwoehr, 1977 (Michael Davis)
 
1976 
(Source: USAREUR STATION LIST, 1 June 1976)
V CORPS ARTY ORGANIZATION - 1 JUNE 1976

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHB, V Corps Arty Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
41st FA Gp  
HHB, 41st FA Gp Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.
2nd Bn, 5th FA (175mm) Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.
1st Bn, 32nd FA (LANCE) Fliegerhorst Ksn, Hanau
2nd Bn, 75th FA (8in) Fliegerhorst Ksn, Hanau
2nd Bn, 83rd FA (8in) Babenhausen Ksn, Bab.
Btry B (TAB), 26th FA Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
42nd FA Gp  
HHB, 42nd FA Gp Rivers Bks, Giessen
6th Bn, 9th FA (175mm) Rivers Bks, Giessen
3rd Bn, 79th FA (LANCE) Rivers Bks, Giessen
2nd Bn, 92nd FA (8in) Rivers Bks, Giessen
1st Bn, 333rd FA (LANCE) Eschborn Ksn, Wiesbaden
Btry A (TAB), 26th FA Army Depot, Giessen per S. Alvarado
212nd FA Gp   REFORGER unit
HHB, 212th FA Gp Ft. Sill, OK REFORGER unit
2nd Bn, 18th FA (8in) Ft. Sill, OK REFORGER unit
3rd Bn, 18th FA (155mm) Ft. Sill, OK REFORGER unit

1988-89 
(Source: Field Artillery Professional Bulletin, Dec 1988 & Dec 1989 - website)

Redbook Issue, Dec 1988

Redbook Issue, Dec 1989

 
Target Acquisition Units
529th Field Artillery Battalion (Target Acquitision)

1st Observation Battalion, 26th Artillery
1st Observation Battalion, 26th Artillery DI

1st Obs Bn, 26th Arty

 

1. Headquarters sign (KB)

2. Loaded weapons carrier with trailer (KB)

3. Abbreviated summer khaki uniform (KB)


4. Honor guard assembling for a ceremony (KB)

5. Long line at the mess hall (KB)

6. (KB)
 

7. Training at Graf (KB)

8. (KB)
   

Target Acquisition Unit Patches

529th FA Bn (Obsn)
Pocket Patch




1958
(Source: Email from Jim Callahan, B Btry, 1958-1960)
I was assigned to the Flash Platoon in B Btry, 1st Obs Bn, 26th Arty in Nov. 1958 and returned to the US for discharge Nov. 1960. We were located in Fiori Kaserne in Aschaffenburg, Germany.

1st Obs Bn was renamed 1st Tgt Acq. Bn sometime after Nov 1960.

Photos were taken from a cadre room in the barracks one snowy winter day and the others while clearing post in Nov. 1960. (Just as a side note of interest, when I first arrived in A'burg our V Corps patch had a red border around it designating artillery. When the new corps commander (Gen. Harris I seem to recall) became commander he made everyone remove the patches and sew on patches without the border.)

1st Obs Bn, 26th Arty

 

1. B Btry Formation (225 KB)

2. B Btry Formation (278 KB)

3. B Btry Formation (200 KB)


4. Bn Headquarters (KB)

5. Fiori Kaserne (KB)

6. Main gate (KB)
 

7. Clowning around (KB)

   

1967
(Source: Email from "Sonny")
Man...Info on this unit -- 1st TAB 26th FA -- gets a bit "confusing"....almost "boggles" the mind.

If i read your Webmaster note correctly.... HHC and C Btrys were not listed on USAREUR SL in 1965. and likely de-activated. Which coincides with my memories in 1967-69..

Only A Btry in Darmstadt, B Btry in Hanau. Oral transcript from General Keith shows C Btry in Darmstadt on 30 June, 1968. SL.. Has the General possibly transposed A and C Btry...or perhaps a "typo"??? Am about 99% positive that A Btry was in Darmstadt.

I still have no recollections of there being a C Btry being active in our area or HHC for that matter...between 1967-69.

Think i have stated that B Btry moved from Hanau to Babenhausen in Aug/Sept 1968 timeframe. Am thinking that it may possibly have been as early as July 68. "WHO" did B Btry replace at Babenhausen??? Someone had to move "out" so that we could move in!!.....

It Could not have been more than Btry size! C Btry??? or possibly even A Btry??

I can see now, "why" you haven't posted a unit history on 1st TAB 26th FA.....

B Btry, 1st TAB, 26th FA
Hanau

 

1. B Btry HQ Bldg (KB)

2. Francois Kaserne, 1968 (KB)

3. B Btry motor park (KB)


4. Lamboy Strasse (KB)

5. Sergeant of the Guard (KB)

6. Impact Area, Graf Training Area (KB)
 

7. DME ... tape measure style (KB)

8. WWII era bunker (KB)

9. The real DME (KB)
 

10. Rifle Range (KB)

11. Motor pool (KB)

12. Survey Pltn marching to billets (KB)
 

13. Babenhausen EM Club (KB)

14. 1st Sgt Hunsacker (KB)
   

1971
(Source: Email from Steven Howard)
I was stationed (May 1971 to August 1974) at BTAB as their first Signal Corps LT in a long time. The Cpt at the time was Cpt Cummings. He was succeeded by Cpt Rogers around 1973 until probably 1976.

There were over 400 men in the TAB unit and we supported the Firing of the artillery at Grafenwoher. The men rotated out every two weeks to the field as there was only one TAB unit at that time. Officers that served during my time there were:
Lt Bettingheimer
Lt Frutchy (West Pointer)
Lt Weaver
Lt Crutchley
CWO4 Shannon METRO unit

The first sergeant there was named Garcia.

We reported to Col Charles Morrow who was the CO of V Corps Artillery.

Memorable times:
Once a year trip to FULDA on alert. In 1973 ( Israel war) we were really serious about the trip

In 1973, it was mandated that all combat units take a sealed troop train to Berlin to see the wall. They took all four hundred of us and put us in a resort for three days. I visited Berlin and Cambrai Fritsch Kaserne in 2011 when, I believe, we closed the Kaserne down. Pretty interesting going across into Berlin in 2011 as I couldn’t go across in 1973 ( security clearance too high to go into East Germany)

In 1974 right before I left, the Company Clerk was hauled away to Leavenworth Prison for dealing drugs in Darmstadt area. Go figure.

Last tidbit was I was present in 1973 of the last firing of the Honest John missile which couldn’t hit anywhere near where it was pointed.

It was a strange time. Vietnam was still going on and all of the LTs had escaped to Germany duty ( including me) so as to avoid that tour in Nam. The Captains had been there and didn’t talk much about it. Most of the sergeants had been there and talked about the experience all of the time. Most of the officers mentioned stayed active duty and all reached the rank of LTC or COL. I went into the Reserves after four years of active duty and retired as a LTC with 28 years.


1974
(Source: Email from Michael Bunting)
Thank for the wonderful webpage USArmyGermany, I really enjoy it. I have some additional information for your webpage:

B Btry, 1st TAB, 26th FA, or B-TAB as most called it, was my first assignment as a lieutenant. When I arrived in July 1974 it was stationed at Cambrai-Fritsch Kaserne in Darmstadt. CPT David R. Rogers was the commander then.

At that time there was no longer a battalion headquarters, we were a separate battery under V Corps Artillery, which was on the same kaserne.

1SG Price was our First Sergeant.

I was assigned as Flash Platoon Commander and SFC Little was my Platoon Sergeant, SFC Diffey was the Survey Platoon Sergeant; CW2 Staley was the Radar Warrant.

At some point in 1975 or 76 we received PCS orders to move the entire battery to Babenhausen Kaserne. There we shared a barracks building with D/3-59th ADA. They had the upstairs and we the downstairs. D Battery ran the Hawk Missile site behind the Kaserne next to the airfield.

In Babenhausen we were assigned to 41st FA Group which was located there also. CPT Rogers did not move with us, our new battery commander was CPT James McDonough.

This arrangement did not last too long. B-TAB received orders again to PCS. It was redesignated as F Battery, 333rd FA as part of an Army reorganization in which all Target Acquisition assets were shifted from Corps to Division.

In May 1977 B-TAB moved to Baumholder to become part of 8th Infantry Division Artillery. I did not move with them, I transferred to 2-5th FA and stayed in Babenhausen until Feb 1978.

LTC Michael Bunting, AUS Retired

CORRECTION:
(Source: Email from Santos Alvarado)
Some of the above information is incorrect:

1. B Btry, 1st TAB, 26th FA was redesignated as C Btry 333d FA about the same time as their sister unit, A Btry, 1st TAB, 26th FA was redesignated (in 1978) as F Btry 333d FA.

2. Also, in 1976 Btry A (TAB), 26th FA was not at Pendelton Bks, but at Giessen Army Depot next to 42nd Field Artillery Group. In November 1976, A Btry was transferred from the 42nd FA Group to 3rd AD DIVARTY and moved to Francois Kaserne in Hanau.

I was with A Btry from 1976 to 1979. They also should have moved to Baumholder the same time we moved from Giessen in late of 1976.

I was assigned to F Btry 333d FA (A Btry 1/26 FA) 1976-79  and C Btry 333d FA from 1980-83 and 1987- 90.


 
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